Food and nutrients

The nutritional value of food

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Which nutrients do the different food groups contain?

Food often consists of several nutrients. Food is put into groups according to the main nutrient, or nutrients, it provides.

What does water contain?
Water is vital to your body. It contains variable amounts of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium.
 

What do fruit and vegetables contain?
Fruit and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, and contain dietary fibre. In general, fruit contains more carbohydrates.

What do meat, fish, eggs and tofu contain?
Food in the meat group provides your body mainly with proteins, but also with minerals and vitamins. Meat and oily fish provide some of our lipid intake.

What do dairy products contain?
Dairy products provide us mainly with minerals, such as calcium, as well as with proteins, lipids and vitamins.
 

What do cereals, potatoes and pulses contain?
This kind of food is rich in complex carbohydrates such as starch, as well as in proteins, vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre.

What does the sugary products group contain?
The food here mainly contains simple carbohydrates, but chocolate and cakes also contain lipids.
 

What does the fats group contain?
Food in the fats group has a high lipid content, but also contains vitamins.

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