The digestive system

Digestive phenomena

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The organs in the digestive tract
The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system The role of the digestive system Anatomy of the digestive tract Anatomy of the digestive tract The anatomy of the digestive tract The anatomy of the digestive tract The anatomy of the digestive tract The anatomy of the digestive tract The anatomy of the digestive tract The digestive glands The digestive glands The digestive glands The digestive glands The digestive glands The digestive glands The digestive glands The abdominal brain The abdominal brain The abdominal brain The abdominal brain The abdominal brain The abdominal brain The abdominal brain
The stages of digestion
Transforming food Transforming food Transforming food Transforming food Transforming food Transforming food Transforming food Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Mechanical and chemical transformation Digestion: from mouth to anus From the mouth to the anus From the mouth to the anus From the mouth to the anus The mouth The mouth The mouth The mouth The mouth The mouth The mouth The oesophagus The oesophagus The oesophagus The oesophagus The oesophagus The oesophagus The oesophagus The stomach The stomach The stomach The stomach The stomach The stomach The stomach The small intestine The small intestine The small intestine The small intestine The small intestine The small intestine The small intestine The large intestine The large intestine The large intestine The large intestine The large intestine Domestiquer et transformer la nature pour produire The large intestine The large intestine Intestinal flora Intestinal flora Intestinal flora Intestinal flora Intestinal flora Intestinal flora Intestinal flora
Historical representations of digestion
In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 2nd century In the 17th century In the 17th century In the 17th century In the 17th century In the 17th century In the 17th century In the 17th century From the 18th to the 20th century From the 18th to the 20th century From the 18th to the 20th century From the 18th to the 20th century From the 18th to the 20th century From the 18th to the 20th centuries From the 18th to the 20th century Today Today Today Today Today Today Today
Digestive phenomena
What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? What is a digestive event? Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Food going down the wrong way Eructation Eructation Eructation Eructation Eructation Eructation Eructation Hiccups Hiccups Hiccups Hiccups Hiccups Hiccups Hiccups Stomach ache Stomach ache Stomach ache Stomach ache Stomach ache Stomach ache Stomach ache Vomiting Vomiting Vomiting Vomiting Vomiting Vomiting Vomiting Borborygmus Borborygmus Borborygmus Borborygmus Borborygmus Borborygmus Borborygmus Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Intestinal wind Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Diarrhoea Constipation Constipation Constipation Constipation Constipation Constipation Constipation

The medical term for hiccups is synchronous diaphragmatic flutters, which are brief involuntary muscular tremors of the diaphragm and the glottis. Such tremors are caused by gastric distension.

There are various kinds of hiccups:

  • Mild hiccups
  • Persistent hiccups
  • Refractory hiccups
  • Chronic hiccups

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Hiccups

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WHAT ARE HICCUPS?

Generally, hiccups only last a few minutes and are totally harmless. These are called benign hiccups. We all get them, even foetuses and other mammals.

There are several types of hiccups, for example persistent hiccups last more than 48 hours and refractory hiccups last more than 1 month. Chronic hiccups can continue for several months or even several years. The record is held by Charles Osborne, who had hiccups for 68 years!

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

The causes of hiccups are similar to those of burping. They can be triggered by the consumption of fizzy drinks, an excessively large meal, eating too quickly or swallowing air while eating.

All of these things cause gastric distension or stretching of the stomach. This distension irritates the diaphragm, which is located beside the stomach. As a result, air has trouble getting into the trachea and lungs. This triggers a vibration in the vocal cords and the epiglottis.

The medical term used for hiccups is diaphragmatic myoclonus. ‘Myo’ from muscle, and clonus is a short, involuntary jerk and diaphragmatic is related to the diaphragm, so this literally means ‘short, involuntary muscle jerk of the diaphragm’.

Keywords > ‘myo’: muscle

‘clonus’: short, involuntary jerk

‘diaphragmatic’: related to the diaphragm

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