Food and nutrients

A balanced diet

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The food pyramid

What is the food pyramid?


The food pyramid helps us balance our diet. It contains the 7 food groups on different levels. The narrower the level, the less food we should eat from that food group.

Dietary recommendations vary from one country to another and so the way a balanced diet is illustrated also varies.

Food, a source of pleasure!
To ensure we eat a balanced diet, we should combine food from the different food groups and keep to the right proportions, remembering that eating should always be a pleasure.

What is the food plate used for?
The food plate helps us visualise the ideal composition of each meal:

  • 2/5 fruit and vegetables
  • 2/5 starchy food
  • 1//5 protein-rich food
  • The glass of water represents drinks.
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