Agriculture emits greenhouse gases, responsible for global warming, and contributes to the degradation of soil and the pollution of water, thus decreasing reserves. So, how can we ensure food security for a constantly increasing global population?
Sustainable farming seeks to reduce the environmental impact of agricultural activities and to protect biodiversity, water and soil. Organic farming is the most widely known form of sustainable farming. It currently requires more labour and labourers, and renders lower yields than conventional farming.
Integrated farming can offer a solution. Inspired by organic farming, its objective is to achieve ecological intensification, which means reconciling food requirements and respect for the environment.
In terms of food losses and waste, initial studies show losses in all sectors and at all stages, from production to storage, transformation and distribution. A first approach would be to measure the losses correctly and understand the exact reasons for such losses.